Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them




hello, the first time I have Total score is 12 out of 15 (80%)

I have question of these 3 sentence, can someone explain to me?

I don't know why I invited the Johnsons. "They" don't really like parties

Have you talked to a lawyer? "They" can tell you your rights.

I wanted to talk to someone in charge and tell "them" how I felt.

Hello Joshua6029,

In the first sentence, 'the Johnsons' means 'the Johnson family', which is more than one person – therefore 'they' is the appropriate pronoun.

In the second two sentences, we don't know if the lawyer or the person in charge is a man or woman. We often use 'they' in such a situation, as is explained above.

Please let us know if you have any other questions.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

hello, there I am glad to come across this site. I hope i will learn many things on this site. My first question, what is the difference between a clause and a sentence? Second question is what is an object in English?
Thanks in advance.

Hello stanzin22,

A clause is defined in linguistics as follows:

A clause is a grammatical unit that:

includes, at minimum, a predicate and an explicit or implied subject
expresses a proposition.

In other words, a clause contains a verb and a subject (or a verb form which implies a subject, such as an imperative) and expresses an idea. Sentences are made up of one or more clauses.


There are various definitions of 'object'. In simple terms, direct objects are the things which the verb acts upon, in contrast to subjects, which are the things which perform the verb action. Thus in the sentence 'The dog chased the cat' we can see a subject ('The dog'), a verb ('chased') and an object ('the cat'). We distinguish direct and indirect objects, and also prepositional object. For more information take a look at this page.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

thanks Peter for your quick reply

Hi every one
I have Question
is it correct to say :She is waiting me ? or i have to say She is waiting for me

Hi ahachemi,

You need to say 'waiting for' in this sentence.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team


I joined now to the this web. how many it takes to learn English?

Hello Issa,

Welcome! I'm afraid that how fast you learn depends on so many things that I don't know about you that I really can't answer your question. If you haven't already looked at them, I would suggest you try our Getting started and Frequently asked questions pages for advice on how to get the most out of our site. You're also welcome to ask any more questions you have -- the more specific, the better!

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team