Why do we use adverbials?

We use adverbs to give more information about the verb.

We use adverbials of manner to say how something happens or how something is done:

The children were playing happily.

He was driving as fast as possible.

We use adverbials of place to say where something happens:

I saw him there.

We met in London.

We use adverbials of time to say when or how often something happens:

They start work at six thirty.

They usually go to work by bus.

We use adverbials of probability to show how certain we are about something.

Perhaps the weather will be fine.

He is certainly coming to the party.

Try these tasks to practice your use of adverbials.

Task 1

Exercise

Task 2

Exercise

Task 3

Exercise

Comments

Hello Ahmed Imam,

You can use either 'most' or 'the most' as adverbs. Both are correct and there is no difference in meaning.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, there is a rule that one should use 'the' before superlatives, and as 'most' is a superlative, we should use 'the' before it, isn't it? Would I be grammatically correct if we write just 'most'.

Hello ali shah,

'most' is a very common word that is used not only in superlative constructions, but also, for example, as a quantifier, so it really depends on the particular sentence and the speaker's meaning. If you have a question about a specific sentence, please feel free to ask us about it, though please also tell us how you understand it to be correct or incorrect.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

You are right. I was referring to its use as superlative. And in superlative, we use it with 'the'. For example, I like him the most; he is the most beautiful boy in the class; and he got the most votes. Am I going right,sir?

Hello again ali shah,

Normally, 'the' is used with 'most' in superlatives, but there are a couple of exceptions. Sometimes in an informal style, native speakers will omit 'the' in some constructions -- but I wouldn't recommend you do this.

The other exception is when we compare the same thing or person in different situations. For example, in the sentence 'She's happiest when she's spending time with her children', we are comparing different times when a woman feels happy, e.g. when she's with her children, when she's working, when she's playing cricket and speak about one in particular. In this case, 'the' is not used.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you,Sir. i'm really grateful to you.
I have another question to ask:
"He must openly distance himself from the anti-minority propaganda
carried out by his party and the hate speech being spewed by his
cult following and declare personal life, like personal beliefs are not
public." Why is 'being' used before ''spewed'? Does it make any difference if we remove 'being' as it is not used before 'carried out'? So where do we use being and where we don't in reduced clauses? Please clear it.sir. This is the most confusing form for me. Also send me the link,if there is , about the detail form of this type of sentences.

Hello ali shah,

As you say, this is an example of a reduced relative clause. When the verb in the relative clause is simple, we use the past participle. When the verb in the relative clause is continuous, we use being and the past participle:

...the hate speech which is spewed by... > the hate speech spewed by

...the hate speech which is being spewed by... > the hate speech being spewed by

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Which one is grammatically correct?Or both are correct, considering your detailed answer?
1.He is invited by John to join him after neglected by Ali.
2.He is invited by John to join him after being neglected by Ali.

Sir, are the above two sentences the reduced form of '' he is invited by John to join him after he was neglected by Ali ?''

Hello ali shah,

These examples are not the same as those you provided earlier. The previous sentences were examples of reduced relative clauses (...which...).

In these examples you have the preposition 'after', not any kind of relative clause. Prepositions are followed by objects and that means generally a noun, pronoun or gerund. The correct sentence here is the second one, as 'being' is a gerund and is the object of the preposition. The participle 'neglected' cannot function as the object and so the first sentence is incorrect.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, We'll give our listeners a choice of two songs to get one of them played on the radio by us and they'll decide (choose) as to which song to be played.
Two more sentences In this regard.
Could you please tell me as to what songs you have played so far on the radio.

I have no explanation about 'as to' How and why they did it.

Now this question is, Can we drop the preposition 'as to', is it even necessary to use it here if not, then why, where are we supposed to use 'as to' or 'about' exactly ?

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