Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

There are many different kinds of pronouns.



I have noticed that native speakers use the word "would" for some thing being or happening in future. eg: I would be there.
In other case they also use the word " would" for their desire or preference. eg: I would like a coffee. I would like to be a doctor.
but in Pakistan I read in books some sentences like that " I want to be a Doctor. I will be there. I will buy orange shirt."
Please let me know which one is the correct & natural way in above sentences?

Hello Imran 26,

In general, we use will to talk about a future which we consider likely or real in some way, while we use would to talk about less likely or hypothetical futures. However, we can also use would as a polite form because it is less direct and more tentative. Some phrases, such as would like are now simply polite forms (would like describes the present and is a more polite way to say want, for example, while will like is purely about the future).


In many contexts both will and would are possible and which you use depends upon your intention. For example:

I will buy an orange shirt - in this sentence the speaker is sure of their decision

I would buy an orange shirt - in this sentence the speaker is not sure of their decision or sees it as purely hypothetical. You could add an if-clause to make this clearer:

I would buy an orange shirt if there was one in the shop.


You can read more about these forms on this page.



The LearnEnglish Team

Hi pyramid,

Both are considered correct, though 'It is I' is less common because it sounds rather formal. Unless you're speaking or writing in a quite formal context, 'It's me' is probably better.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello !
I'm really confused . I don't know when to use must or have to !
I read that must is used for internal obligations and have to is used for external ( laws or rules ) but there's an example in my school book saying focus on the following:
Drivers must stop when the light is red .
The light is red . you have to stop !
I don't get the difference between these 2 examples. Isn't have to used for laws? Then why must here?
I want u to tell me all uses of must and have to please . I know they are now almost interchangeable but I want them for my stupid education system .which teaches us things just to confuse us. There are more than 60 questions whether to choose have to or must
So please I hope you explain them to me in details. By the way, I read you article about them but I still want more details and specially the 2 examples above

Hi uchiha itache,

I'm sorry to hear about this situation. Without knowing a lot more about how the tests you have to pass are prepared, I'm afraid it's difficult to give specific advice. What I can do is recommend the Cambridge Dictionary's explanation of must, which is quite detailed and includes a section in which it is contrasted with 'have to'.

Note that the rule about 'must' being for obligations coming from the speaker and 'have to' being more for external ones is a general rule and requires some interpretation. For example, one might consider a rule or prohibition an external obligation (and this would make sense), but 'must' (and 'must not') are often used in public notices announcing rules and prohibitions. You can see examples in the Rules and laws section of the page I linked to above.

I hope this helps you.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you . it helped me much but there's still a question . would you please tell me if the following is right :

( a boss to his assistant )
You must come early
So the assistant says to his friend ( I have to come early )

Is this right? Anyone with authority can give orders using must . and the one who is ordered HAVE TO do the order ?

And can you please tell me some good books which explain this kind of detailed grammar like English grammar in use and practical English usage ? I have these two but I want more as I don't always find what I need in them

Hello uchiha itache,

The exchange below is correct:

(A boss to his assistant)  You must come early.
(The assistant to his friend)  I have to come early.

However, the following is also correct:

(A boss to his assistant)  You have to come early.
(The assistant to his friend)  I must come early.


Must and have to are largely interchangeable in modern English. There is a tendency to use must for internal obligation and have to for external requirements, but this is no more than a tendency and is in no way a rule. I can think of sentences where one or ther other seems more likely to me but I cannot think of a sentence in which only one is possible and in which the other would be incorrect.

I understand this may be frustrating, and it seems your test assumes a rather more fixed rule than is really justified, but we can only describe the language as it is truly used.


The British Council does not offer book recommendations as we need to remain neutral as far as the publishing market goes. I suggest you visit a good bookshop and look for grammar books by well-known and reputable publishers. Find three or four and compare their entries for the same grammar point - must and have to would be good choices - so you can see how they differ in their approaches. It's not a case of choosing the best book but rather the one which best suits your needs. Some have more explanation and some have more exemplification or practice tasks. Pay attention also to the organisation of the book. These are reference books so a good index is very important. Finally, if you can you should test any digital or online components to see how well-designed and helpful they are.

I hope that is helpful to you. Good luck!



The LearnEnglish Team

I'm really grateful ! You helped me a lot