Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them




I am beginning to learn English language here.. it's nice website!
thank you!

And the difference between... would you come? And will you come?

Hello humanity10,

It's very difficult to comment without a context for the sentences. In some contexts, such as inviting a person to a party, the two forms could mean the same with just a difference in familiarity or politeness. In other contexts they could mean different things, or be part of different conditional structures. I'm afraid we need more of a context to be clear.

I would also like to ask you to post questions on relevant pages, so this question would belong on a page about 'would' or 'will', for example. This is for two reasons. First, the comments become very confusing for users if they are filled up with random questions unrelated to the topic of the page. Second, this question may well be very interesting and useful to some of our other users, and so it would be a good addition to the pages about 'would' or 'will', rather than being lost here on a page about personal pronouns!

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team

Could you please tell me the difference between.... have you seen it? And did you see it?

Hello humanity10,

The two forms here are present perfect ('have you...') and past simple (did you...'). In general terms, the present perfect form refers to an action which has a present result of some kind, while the past simple form refers to an action in a finished time period.

You can find more information about perfective forms here (, more information about the use of the present perfect here ( and information about the past simple here (

I hope that helps to clarify it for you.

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks for your advise


I couldn't understand the difference between subject and object prounouns.
In this sentence ___don't really like parties.I fill 'she' in it .but it is wrong why?

Hello laxmi89,

The problem here is not an issue of subject and object pronouns (you have chosen, correctly, a subject pronoun), but rather that 'she' is a third-person form and so needs to have the auxiliary for 'doesn't' rather than 'don't'. With the auxiliary 'don't' we can use 'I', 'you', 'we' or 'they'.

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you for useful information, especially information abou using they/them. I haven't known it before.

I understood everything