Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them




minor correction on question no. 5. john's should be john.

Hi black_fever,

The 's in John's quit his job is a contracted form of the auxiliary verb have (which here is in its third person singular form: has), so actually the sentence is correct as is.

Thanks for your collaboration!

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team

Amazing! Very useful. :)

Its really useful

hi friends I'm new here. ..

thanks for all. it is very interesting

I like that :)

Thanks for this website

Can you please clear my doubt.In the fourth last sentence,
Have you talked to a lawyer?___________ can tell you your rights.
I am filling he but it is telling that correct answer is they.But lawyer is a masculine,then why it is telling they we don't know about their no. so we must insert he/she.Why they.

Hello prakhar2499,

In English, very few nouns have a specific gender. There are some, such as 'actor' and 'actress', or 'bull' and 'cow', but 'lawyer' is not one of these; 'lawyer' can refer to a man or a woman.

In the sentence you provide the lawyer is not identified. The sentence has an indefinite article ('a lawyer'), meaning that we are talking about any lawyer, not a particular one (in which case it would be 'the lawyer'). Therefore we cannot know if the lawyer is a man or a woman - both are possible. That is why we use 'they' here.

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team