Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them




Thanks Peter,

I 'll intentionally work on myself with you reply.

I'm sorry, please tell me what is different between it and they.

Hello Novita,

'it' is singular (it refers to one thing or animal) and 'they' is plural (it refers to more than one person, animal or thing).

If I have one car, I could say 'I parked it on the street'. If I have two cars, I could say 'I parked them on the street'.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello everyone,

I have a challenge with the use of have and has. Please help.

Hello Mercy Ahanobi,

We use 'have' when the subject is one of the following: I, you, we, they.

We use 'has' when the subject is one of the following: he, she, it.

Thus we say:

I have a dog / You have a dog / They have dogs etc.

He has a dog / She has a dog / John has a dog / Susan has four dogs etc.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

hello, the first time I have Total score is 12 out of 15 (80%)

I have question of these 3 sentence, can someone explain to me?

I don't know why I invited the Johnsons. "They" don't really like parties

Have you talked to a lawyer? "They" can tell you your rights.

I wanted to talk to someone in charge and tell "them" how I felt.

Hello Joshua6029,

In the first sentence, 'the Johnsons' means 'the Johnson family', which is more than one person – therefore 'they' is the appropriate pronoun.

In the second two sentences, we don't know if the lawyer or the person in charge is a man or woman. We often use 'they' in such a situation, as is explained above.

Please let us know if you have any other questions.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

In first sentence, the Johnsons means the Johnson family, but it is not clear the male or female member is attending, so "they" is appropriate word.

hello, there I am glad to come across this site. I hope i will learn many things on this site. My first question, what is the difference between a clause and a sentence? Second question is what is an object in English?
Thanks in advance.