Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them




i want help to star English learning, when to start? i am facing problem like i know and i don't know English. feel lots of confusion about spellings for example bed or bad, problems with A,I or E in spelling, sentence making problem how to frame? please help me

Hello Ronak Thumar,

I'd recommend you consider a British Council class. If that's not possible, there's some general advice on how to use our site on our Getting started and Frequently asked questions pages. I'm afraid we don't provide individual tuition, but if you have any specific questions about something our site, you're welcome to ask us.

Good luck!

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

i think the second one is right. we don't have information on the subject we are talking about so instead of he we shall use him (object pronoun)

Why we use "John's quit his job" instead of "John quits his job" or "John's quitted his job", please?

Hello hongngan,

'John's quit his job' is a contracted form of 'John has quit his job'. 'has quit' is the present perfect tense. In this case, we might be reporting this news about John. You could say 'John quits' or 'John quit (which is past simple because 'quit' is irregular and has the same form for both present and past) but they refer to different times.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi sir, In the sentence:
"ladies and gentleman, could... All listen "
Why the correct answer is you, I think they is correct!!?

Hi hebam,

The reason is that the speaker is addressing the people. When you begin 'Ladies and gentelmen, ...' it is a signal that you are speaking to a group of people and so the request is 'could you (the people to whom I am talking) all listen'.

'Ladies and gentelmen' is the traditional formal way to begin a speech.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

I am just wondering something about the usage of they/them. We use they/them if we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman.
In the exercises given that goes " Have you talked to a lawyer?" And the correct answer is 'They' can.... But a lawyer is a single person as I understood and they is for plural subject.

Hello Fru Strande,

That's correct, 'they' is generally used for a plural subject but in recent years the meaning has expanded to include singular subjects whose gender is unknown or uncertain. So 'They can tell you your rights' is correct.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

'You could go to a doctor. They might help you'.
Here a doctor is a singular noun. How may we use 'they'?